Philippines officially called Republic of the Philippines is located in Southeast Asia in the Western Pacific Ocean. It has a population of 94 million people. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found in Philippines. Philippine is categorized broadly into three geographical divisions, Mindanao, Visayas and Luzon. Philippines is comprised of 7,000 volcanic islands. The largest amongst them is more a mountain than an island and is called Mount Apo. There are 254 airports and 2 helipads in Philippines. There are 3,219 km of waterways and the most important harbors and ports are Batangas, Cebu, Cagayan De Oro, Davao, Manila and Liman and there is 995 km of railways in Philippines.
Philippines latitude and longitude is 14°35 N 120 °59E and altitude is 59 feet (18m). Philippines’s climate is tropical maritime and is hot and humid. Philippines experiences three seasons, hot dry season of summer from March to May, rainy season from June to November and cool dry season from December to February. Monsoon comes from May to October and is known as ‘Habagat’. The Philippines receives an average of 2061 mm annual precipitation or 172 mm monthly. Relative humidity for average year is 73.8% and monthly it is 64% in April to 82% in August September. Average range of sunshine in Philippines is 4.3 hours per day in July-August and 8.6 hours in April.
In Philippines temperatures range from 21°C (70°F) – 32°C (90°F). Maximum and minimum temperatures in Philippine are as in January maximum temperature is 29°C (84°F), minimum 23°C (73°F). In February maximum temperature is 30°C (68°F), minimum temperature is 24°C (75°F). In March maximum temperature is 31°C (88°F), minimum temperature is 25°C (77°F). In April maximum temperature is 33°C (91°F), minimum temperature is 26°C (79°F). In May maximum temperature is 32°C (90°F), minimum temperature is 25°C (77°F). In June maximum temperature is 32°C (90°F), minimum temperature is 25°C (77°F). In July maximum temperature is 30°C (86°F), minimum temperature is 25°C (77°F). In August maximum temperature is 31°C (88°F), minimum temperature is 25°C (77°F). In September maximum temperature is 30°C (86°F), minimum temperature is 25°C (77°F). in October maximum temperature is 30°C (86°F), minimum temperature is 24°C (75°F) and in December maximum temperature is 29°C (84°F), minimum temperature is 22°C ( 72°F).
Weather gets hotter or cooler depending on the season. Monsoon rains are pulled in by hurricanes and are called Typhoons, which are common from June to October and affect often wide areas, there are several intensities of these typhoons, and are announced in advance and are mentioned in signals. Warmest month in Philippines is May and the coolest month is January. Coastal areas of the country next to Pacific Ocean face year round rainfall. Minimum annual rainfall varies in country from 965 mm to 4,064 mm. Philippine has many earthquakes due to volcanic activity under the islands.
Philippine is a hot country but sea breezes add freshness during winter (November to February). Typhoons season remains from July to October. Rainfall patterns are different in cities. Mostly tourists visit Philippines from January to May, at this time the country has the best climate conditions.